Letter to the Speaker of
the House and the President of the Senate Reporting on the Nicaraguan Emergency
November 10, 1986
Mr. Speaker: (Dear Mr. President:)
accordance with the provisions of the International Emergency Economic Powers
Act, I am transmitting a report on the status of the Nicaraguan emergency and
any actions or developments that have occurred during the last six months. This
report also summarizes the expenses to the government attributable to the
have determined that the policies of the Sandinista government continue to pose
a threat to the national security of the United States, and therefore I shall
continue to use the powers at my disposal to apply economic sanctions against Nicaragua.
enclose a copy of the report. An identical letter and a copy of the report are
also being forwarded to the President of the Senate (the Speaker of the House
on Economic Sanctions Against Nicaragua
hereby report to the Congress on developments since my last report of May
concerning the national emergency with respect to Nicaragua that was declared in
Executive Order No. 12513 of May 1, 1985. In that Order, I
prohibited: (1) all imports into the United States of goods and services of
Nicaraguan origin; (2) all exports from the United States of goods to or
destined for Nicaragua except those destined for the organized democratic
resistance; (3) Nicaraguan air carriers from engaging in air transportation to
or from points in the United States; and (4) vessels of Nicaraguan registry
from entering United States ports.
The declaration of emergency was made pursuant to the authority vested in me as
President by the Constitution and laws of the United States, including the
International Emergency Economic Powers Act, 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq., and the
National Emergencies Act, 50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq. This report is submitted
pursuant to 50 U.S.C. 1641(c) and 1703(c).
The Office of Foreign Assets Control of the Department of the Treasury issued
the Nicaraguan Trade Control Regulations implementing the prohibitions in
Executive Order No. 12513 on May 8, 1985, 50 Fed. Reg. 19890 (May
There have been no changes in those regulations since they were issued.
Since my report of May 23, 1986, fewer than 35
applications for licenses have been received with respect to Nicaragua, and the majority of
these applications have been granted. Of the licenses issued in this period,
most either authorized exports for humanitarian purposes, covering medical
supplies, food, and animal vaccines, or extended authorizations previously
given to acquire intellectual property protection under Nicaraguan law. A few
additional licenses authorized exports to international organizations in Nicaragua, as well as imports of
unaccompanied baggage by U.S. citizens formerly
residing in Nicaragua who have returned to
the United States.
The trade sanctions complement the diplomatic and other aspects of our policy
toward Nicaragua. They exert additional
pressure intended to induce the Sandinistas to undertake internal dialogue with
the organized democratic resistance, to modify their aggressive policy toward
neighboring nations, and to improve their record on human rights. The trade sanctions
are part of a larger policy seeking a democratic outcome in Nicaragua by peaceful means.
The expenses incurred by the Federal government in the period from May 1, 1986,
through October 30, 1986, that are directly attributable to the exercise of
powers and authorities conferred by the declaration of the Nicaraguan national
emergency are estimated at $107,915.84, all of which represents wage and salary
costs for Federal personnel. No out-of-pocket expenses were incurred during
this period. Personnel costs were largely centered in the Department of the
Treasury (particularly in the Office of Foreign Assets Control, the Customs
Service, the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Enforcement, and the Office
of the General Counsel), the Department of State, the Department of Justice,
and the National Security Council.
The policies and actions of the Sandinista government continue to pose an
unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of
the United States. During the period
covered by this report the Sandinistas continued to support guerrilla groups in
neighboring Central American countries and to expand their already huge arsenal
of Soviet weaponry. Soviet arms deliveries in 1986 have already exceeded those
of any previous year and continue to arrive. The Sandinistas also continued
their policy of internal repression, leading to large outflows of refugees,
thousands of whom have sought shelter in the United States. I shall continue to
exercise the powers at my disposal to apply economic sanctions against
Nicaragua as long as these measures are appropriate, and will continue to
report periodically to the Congress on expenses and significant developments,
pursuant to 50 U.S.C. 1641(c) and 1703(c).
Identical letters were sent to Thomas P. O'Neill, Jr., Speaker of the House of
Representatives, and George Bush, President of the Senate.